windhoek population
In southern, eastern and western directions, Windhoek is surrounded by rocky, mountainous areas, which make land development costly. A request by merchants from Lüderitzbucht resulted in the declaration of a German protectorate over what was called German South West Africa, which is today Namibia in 1884. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent. Wars between the Nama and Herero peoples eventually destroyed the settlement. It has one runway without capacity limitations. It developed rapidly after Jonker Afrikaner, Captain of the Orlam, settled here in 1840 and built a stone church for his community. The 2011 Population and Housing Census counted 2,113,077 inhabitants of Namibia. More European settlers arrived from Germany and South Africa. There are also the Independence Memorial Museum, the National Library of Namibia and the Windhoek Public Library – built in 1925, next to the Alte Feste.[39]. Windhoek was founded a second time in 1890 by Imperial German Army Major Curt von François, when the territory was colonised by the German Empire. 2,683 in 2011). The population of all Namibian cities, towns and villages as well as of all settlements with at least 500 inhabitants by census years. 1953. [37] This city airport handles approximately 150 to 200 movements per day (around 50,000 per year). [7] He built a stone church that held 500 people; it was also used as a school. The average annual precipitation is 367.4 millimetres (14.46 in), with lows of 106.7 millimetres (4.20 in) in the 2018/19 rainy season, and 97 millimetres (3.8 in) in 1929/30. Ondekaremba International Airport is opened. UN estimates The city developed at the site of a permanent hot spring known to the indigenous pastoral communities. Namibia Urban Population Currently, 54.1 % of the population of Namibia is urban (1,348,534 people in 2019) The 2016 population of Windhoek is projected to be 395,000. It is governed by a multi-party municipal council that has fifteen seats. The total population in Namibia was estimated at 2.5 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures. [12] Two Rhenish missionaries, Carl Hugo Hahn and Franz Heinrich Kleinschmidt, started working there in late 1842. Another theory suggests that Captain Jonker Afrikaner named Windhoek after the Winterhoek Mountains at Tulbagh in South Africa, where his ancestors had lived. Motto: SUUM CUIQUE (To each his own)". Nearly every national enterprise is headquartered here. [6] He and his followers stayed near one of the main hot springs, located in the present-day Klein Windhoek suburb. The temperature throughout the year would be called mild, due to altitude influence. The 'Tony Rust Raceway' is located west of Windhoek on the Daan Viljoen road, and reopened in 2007.[51]. Most believe it is derived from the Afrikaans word wind-hoek (wind corner). Colonial Windhoek was founded on 18 October 1890, when von François fixed the foundation stone of the fort, which is now known as the Alte Feste (Old Fortress). First sitting of Turnhalle Conference. In 2004, the airport served 141,605 passengers, the majority of which are light aircraft. The southern side is not suitable for industrial development because of the presence of underground aquifers. [14] On 1 October 1966 the then Administrator of South West Africa granted Windhoek the coat of arms, which was registered on 2 October 1970 with the South African Bureau of Heraldry. 44 in 2011), Grootfontein excludes Berg Aukas, and Keetmanshoop excludes Koës. 1959. Introduction", "The Orlams Afrikaners – the Creole Africans of the Garieb", "Biographies of Namibian Personalities, A (entry for Jonker Afrikaner)", Windhoek City Council: The History of Windhoek, "Biographies of Namibian Personalities, V (entry for Curt von François)", "Surviving in an arid land: Direct reclamation of potable water at Windhoek's Goreangab Reclamation Plant", "Namibia's ghetto life: Half million live in shacks countrywide", "Climate and average monthly weather in Namibia", "Klimatafel von Windhuk (Windhoek) / Namibia", "Reading Eagle - Google News Archive Search", Namibia: Administrative Division population statistics, "ELECTIONS 2010: Erongo regional profile", "Namibians 3rd wealthiest people in Africa",, "National News 19.02.2009 Public library gets a facelift", "Biographies of Namibian Personalities, S", "100 years Turnhalle • From gymnasium to Tribunal", "Schools in Windhoek under pressure for places", "Dagbreek school Windhoek Namibia-school for learners who are intellectually impaired", "Private school draws praise from Namwandi", "Namibia's Windhoek, Jamaica's Kingston sign twinning agreement", Official homepage of the City of Windhoek – Windhuk,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Curt von François monument in front of the municipality building.


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