when was the first jeep made
An American Austin Company was organized in 1929 in Butler, Pa., but the timing was terrible. He is the lead blogger for Chrysler Capital, covering the latest news and trends on the FCA US LLC brand as well as tips on maintaining and getting the most…, Posted in Auto News and Information, Car News, Entertainment, FCA US LLC News. The Willys-Overland Truck held strong until the 1960s when Jeep brand introduced a new pickup … Apparently American Bantam ended up furnishing only 1,570 quarter-ton trucks to the U.S. Army, although they also built 2,200 which were crated at the factory (under the supervision of Russian officers) and sent to Russia where they were well liked. He quit, bought the Maxwell automobile works and changed the car name to his own. 10. Box 38, Salem, OH 44460-0038; or via e-mail to: editorial@farmanddairy.com.). Share on Facebook. Seventy years ago, the first of many millions of Jeeps saw the light of day. 2. What is the origin of the name "Jeep"? After the war, production went to Willys, which eventually became Kaiser-Jeep, which was later acquired by American Motors and then all of that company taken over by Chrysler, which is now part of Chrysler Group LLC. From this, Army specifications were drawn up — the car had to weigh less than 1,300 pounds empty, carry three or four men, be 4-wheel drive and have an engine of 85 feet-pounds of torque. Both Willys and Bantam bid, but only Bantam agreed to meet the deadline, probably because they had already been working on the design. Maj. Gen. George Lynch, chief of infantry from 1937 to 1941, on the other hand, was keen to find a small reconnaissance vehicle for his troops. Bids were requested, but the plans had to be ready in just 11 days and a prototype in 49 days. Choosing the best features of each of the three versions, in July, 1941, the Army ordered 16,000 standardized quarter-ton vehicles and chose Willys to make them, said to be due to their more powerful engine. Introduced in 1962 for the 1963 model year, the original Jeep Gladiator shared the same front-end styling as the Jeep Wagoneer. Which American company designed the Jeep, and who built the Jeep? Short answer: The first prototype was built by the Bantam Car Co., best known for its midget cars. After World War II, the brand wanted to diversify their lineup and create “A Truck for the Modern Farmer.” The idea bred the first Jeep brand pickup, the Willys-Overland Truck. With war in full swing in Europe and U.S. involvement likely, in 1940 Payne was pressing the Army hard to adopt the Howie “belly flopper” machine gun carrier. Today, most people in most of the world are familiar with the Jeep, but few have ever heard of the American Bantam Company, or Butler, Pa., for that matter. As we lead up to the new 2020 Jeep Gladiator hitting dealership floors, we dug through the Jeep brand archives to check out the pickup truck’s origins and how they made it to this year’s re-release. There had been almost no vehicle development in the U.S. Army during the 1920s and ’30s, due mostly to tiny budgets and the hidebound horse mentality of many senior officers. Mercedes. 4. 4. The girl’s name? A senate hearing under Sen. Harry Truman apparently found no wrong doing. The first Jeep Compass vehicle was made in the 2007 model year. Dave Menard of Avanti NewsFeatures contributed to this report. As the U.S. prepared for World War II, Willys-Overland designed a prototype for a vehicle to serve the needs of the U.S. Army. Farm and Agriculture News, Local Market Prices and Crop Reports, Columns and Commentary. It can still be found today. Receive emails as this discussion progresses. The Austin automobile had been developed by Englishman Herbert Austin, who began making the cars in 1906, and Austins were popular cars in Great Britain until 1987. They took the little 1/4 ton truck for a test drive. The Jeep owes its existence in part to the early-20th century engineers who pioneered four-wheel drive. In all this, the originator of the vehicle, Bantam, was ignored, although the firm was given a contract to make quarter-ton trailers to be pulled behind Ford and Willys jeeps. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. 3. The designer of this car would later use much of the engine and chassis parts to build a sports car that would bear his name. 6771. The prototype was delivered Sept. 23, just under the wire, to Camp Holabird, Md., for testing, where it was declared a success. As to how the quarter-ton truck came to be called a Jeep, there are several theories. In June of that year Army representatives visited the Bantam plant in Butler and got an idea of what the firm could provide. As we stood around wondering what to call the little truck, the word ‘peep’ came up. The idea bred the first Jeep brand pickup, the Willys-Overland Truck. All was quiet on the Jeep truck front, until …. 8. Tweet on Twitter. Long answer: But the American military feared that Bantam (pictured) could not produce enough of them, so Jeeps were built only by Willys and by Ford, in equal numbers and using standardized parts. The origin of the sturdy little vehicles, which were universally used by all the allied armed forces during World War II and Korea, leads back to nearby Butler, Pa. Even though the cars were inexpensive and economical, with the Great Depression in full swing, not many cars had been built by 1934 and the American Austin firm was bankrupt. 5. “The word ‘Jeep’ had been an Army cuss word up until that time. The designs led to the Willys MA and Willys MB that were utilized across the war. The new Jeep Gladiator comes in four different trip configurations: Sport, Sport S, Overland and Rubicon. Josh Myatt is a Content Editor for Santander Consumer USA. This small, inexpensive car was named for the chairman of Kaiser Motors. To see more of the history and story behind the entire Jeep brand, visit Jeep.com/history. The Henry J. car, named for the company founder, Henry J. Kaiser. Porsche, or Dr. Ferdinand Porsche. 9. He now lives near Salem, where he tinkers with a few old tractors, collects old farm literature, and writes about old machinery, farming practices and personal experiences for. 6. 5. Chrysler, or Walter P. Chrysler. Willys called their version the “Quad,” while Ford’s was dubbed the “Pygmy.”. After that the word Jeep became the name of the truck.”. 5. Since it was deemed a war emergency, Bantam’s plans and drawings were turned over to Willys and Ford, each of whom built similar, but slightly different vehicles. Ford named a line of cars for the son of Henry Ford I. A Sergeant Littlefield who was standing nearby said, ‘No! "You can have any color, as long as it is black!" This model of car had no options, not even the color. Bantam employee Harold Crist designed the car and engineer Karl Probst was hired to refine the design and get the final drawings done in time to meet the deadline. Chrysler Capital is a registered trademark of FCA US and licensed to Santander Consumer USA Inc. highly anticipated the rebirth and arrival of the Jeep. Featuring Specialty Antique Auctions, Stores and Shows, Hundreds of Classifieds, Autos & Real Estate Listings, Sam Moore grew up on a family farm in Western Pennsylvania during the late 1930s and the 1940s. Ford's first mass produced 4x4, the Ford GPW military jeep, is a sometimes forgotten chapter in the history of trailblazing off-road vehicles and of Ford in general. 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