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Although he was sidelined from direct participation in the movement while in prison, Mandela became a symbol—both in South Africa and internationally—of the struggle against injustice. Reagan vetoed the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986, but the U.S. Congress overrode his decision with a two-thirds majority, passing the act to impose sanctions on South Africa. He is, perhaps, the most well-known leader of the anti-apartheid movement. Supporters of Jim Crow tried to justify it by arguing that although blacks and whites were separate, they were equal. Strict residential, economic, and social segregation was enforced on the basis of these racial categories. But in reality, racial segregation meant vastly inferior conditions for blacks. By then Nelson Mandela's name adorned anti-apartheid banners and placards the world over. Photo: Tom Bayly / Wikimedia Commons / Grayscale / CC BY-SA 2.0, license linked at bottom of article . Mandela: An Audio History is the award-winning radio series documenting the struggle against apartheid through intimate first … 1. We had no paid organizers, no staff, and a membership that did little more than pay lip-service to our cause. Then have students create a Venn diagram noting the similarities and differences between the two systems. While in prison, Mandela and other political prisoners engaged in many political debates and discussion. While they have gained political rights, many black South Africans still face poverty and inequality. For 20 years, the icon directed peaceful, non-violent acts of defiance which finally led to the dismantling of aparthied What were some of those similarities and differences? On June 16, 1976, young people in South Africa mobilized a powerful protest against the apartheid regime's education policies. Apartheid and Jim Crow bore many similarities, but in other ways they were quite different. Mandela made personal sacrifices, coupled with his determined struggle for racial equality that has made him act as an inspirational figure to people around the world especially to proponents … Mandela died on … In 1994, shortly after the fall of apartheid, … He fought against the apartheid state, leading different campaigns against it. The struggle against apartheid, told by the people who lived it. Nelson Mandela played a significant role in the Anti- Apartheid movement by forming the ANC Youth League, being imprisoned, … the particular needs of your district or school. But it did not stop resistance within South Africa, says Wessel Visser, a history lecturer at Stellenbosch University in South Africa. Nelson Mandela is known to bring South Africa out of apartheid and into an era of majority rule. Your hands. `` the oppression of non-white South Africans their families country path... To our cause the salute by the bedecked generals with ribbons to president Mandela control. 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