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It must begin as it must continue, involving all who want to contribute to the future welfare of the supersystem Life that supports us. What's the Difference Between Religion and Spirituality? The power commanded by a position within the hierarchy serving the needs of a universal religion will always attract some who would position personal gain over Life’s gain. Belief systems and other pursuits that are described as "religious" in a metaphorical way, like for example some people's approach to sports, will exhibit 2 or 3 of these. (And legislated power should be refereed by the electorate, for it is individuals who contribute to Life’s continuation and evolution, not the state.) This page was last edited on 24 February 2019, at 12:48. We are creatures of both worlds, responding to feelings and concepts of spirituality that our body’s emotions generate, as well as to the logic upon which our minds operate and thrive. their appeal to diverse populations; their adaptability as they moved from one cultural and geographical area to another; their promotion of universal rules and principles to guide behavior that transcended place, time, and specific cultural practices; their proselytizing of new believers by energetic and charismatic missionaries; the deep sense of community felt by their converts; and the support given to … By using Learn Religions, you accept our, Ritual Acts Focused on Sacred Objects, Places, Times, A World View & Organization of One’s Life Based on the World View, A Social Group Bound Together by the Above, Who Cares? Usually, these feelings are connected with the supernatural, for example, it may be thought that the feelings are evidence of the immediate presence of divine beings. Prayer is a very common form of attempted communication which might occur quietly with a single person, loudly and publicly, or in the context of a group of believers. Belief in Supernatural Beings Belief in the supernatural, especially gods, is one of the most obvious characteristics of religion. -no false gods (eg. Come in the form of doctrines and tenets 1.3. Sacred times, places, and object remind us that there is more to life than what we see. Gods' Contradictory Characteristics: Making God Impossible to Exist, An Atheist's View of the Christian Right's Agenda and Beliefs, History of American Religion:1600 to 2017, The Similarities Between Religion and Philosophy. The Four Characteristics of Religion by Jordan Lyons 1. A universal religion would not unite the world to form one nation, just as other religions do not unite individuals to form one entity. Are there Religious Atheists? A better way to explain the nature of religion is to identify basic characteristics common to religions. This definition also recognizes the diversity of religion by not insisting that all characteristics be met in order to qualify as a "religion." (For this reason, any universal religion must accept the existence of other “universal religions.” But that is another story—there are no others at the moment, and the future will take care of that need, when the time arises!). A better way to explain the nature of religion is to identify basic characteristics common to religions. Beliefs and Believers 1.1. Therefore, it is evident that universal religions consist of many different ethnic groups because they convert and accept anyone of any backg… The Problem of Defining Characteristics of Religion, Religion Is a Belief in Supernatural Beings, Religious References on the Definition of Religion. Because most universalizing religions operate on a global scale, conversion to universalizing religions is usually relatively easy and highly encouraged by practitioners of the faith. Many rituals, like sacrifices, are one type of attempted interaction. If a religion emphasizes the sacred, then it will also emphasize ritual acts involving the sacred. The 7 Main Characteristics of Religion Some characteristics of religion are the worship of gods or prophets, beliefs in a system of norms and values, symbology or places of worship. There is some merit to such an argument, but I think that the above format for defining religion manages to address the most serious concerns. It's normal for religions to present believers with a general picture of the world as a whole and the place of the individual therein - for example, whether the world exists for them of if they are a bit player in someone else's drama. The guidelines and teachings of the new religion must be logically derivable from its purpose. Because the supernatural is so often personalized in religions, it only makes sense that believers would seek interaction and communication. It might be argued that religion is such a complex and diverse cultural phenomenon that reducing to any single definition will either fail to capture what it really is or merely misrepresent it. The envisaged universal religion would not replace or usurp existing religions. Because most universalizing religions operate on a global scale, conversion to universalizing religions is usually relatively easy and highly encouraged by practitioners of the faith. Humans respond to both to varying degrees. Special actions must occur at sacred times, in sacred places, and/or with sacred objects. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world. These rituals serve to unite members of the current religious community not just with each other, but also with their ancestors and their descendants. It is proposed as an umbrella doctrine, developed to cover gaps that existing faiths may leave open. Thus the entire gamut of religion as an expression of culture can be covered by this approach. Universalizing religions have many diverse members, who come from different ethnic backgrounds, hence the term universal. money worship) - possibility to put wrongdoings right and repent in this world The religion’s development cannot end. Most commonly recognized religions — like Christianity or Hinduism — will have all of them. Return to A Universal Religion, Introduction, https://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=Developing_A_Universal_Religion/A_Universal_Religion/Characteristics_Of_A_Universal_Religion&oldid=3519156. Ways must be found to separate religious power from legislated power, and legislated power must take precedence. Mahayana Buddhism (universal religion) focuses on devotion; believed that Buddha was a savior who could take away bad karma and help a person realize nirvana, and they also developed the … Awe, a sense of mystery, a sense of guilt, and adoration are "religious feelings" which tend to be aroused in religious believers when they come in the presence of sacred objects, in sacred places, and during the practice of sacred rituals. The population, in democracies, has always placed religion in this position. Our new religion must embrace and support our emotional needs as well as our rational needs. Religion is a system of beliefs and moral norms that serve as spiritual guide for the human being; the mythology that composes them and their main characteristics vary between culture and culture. Indeed, it's been argued by some that there is no such thing as "religion" per se, just "culture" and the various cultural manifestations which Western scholars tend to label "religion" for no objectively definable reasons. Democracy forms one corner of civilization’s foundation. Our choice of religious purpose must satisfy the same criteria that all religious purposes must fulfill—universality and timelessness. Being knowledge-based and rationally structured, its tenets must continuously be amended as our knowledge base enlarges. Doubtlessly our new religion could have many other characteristics, but the above list should suffice for our purposes. Some universalizi… The religion has to be suited to our times. A religion built rationally might more effectively be sold emotionally. Religious believers sometimes associate with each other to the exclusion of non-adherents, and may place this community at the center of their lives. Connecting Ancient Greek Mythology to Religion, Religion 101: Examining the Nature of Religion and Religious Beliefs. Distinguishing between the sacred and the profane is common and important enough in religions that some scholars of religion, notably Mircea Eliade, have argued that this distinction should be considered the defining characteristic of religion. There is no single type of prayer or single type of effort to communicate, just a common desire to reach out. (For this reason, any universal religion must accept the existence … Open debate and welcomed questioning, transparency, frequent internal and external audits, auditors that change every few years, leaders that are regularly replaced, and precautionary measures of many other kinds must be developed and maintained. There is as great a need for singularity among nations as there is for individuality among individuals. These characteristics may be shared with other belief systems, but taken together they make religion distinct. Religions are so commonly organized socially that religious beliefs without a social structure have acquired their own label, "spirituality." An analysis of the links between the consequences of any particular action and the religion’s overall purpose must clearly and logically show why each behaviour is deemed “wrong” or “right.” We are developing an abstract environment which increasingly rational minds in the future will explore to its limits; if not rationally built, then this environment will collapse. Austin Cline, a former regional director for the Council for Secular Humanism, writes and lectures extensively about atheism and agnosticism. Modern-day living is founded upon knowledge discovered by rational thinking; to begin irrational speculation when developing a religion would simply not be sensible. Like rituals, this attribute often occurs outside religion. ), A universal religion would not unite the world to form one nation, just as other religions do not unite individuals to form one entity. Yet another characteristic of universalizing religions that are rarely found in ethnic religions is the ease of conversion. Because religions are typically social and communal in nature, it's only to be expected that they also have directions about how people should behave and treat each other, not to mention outsiders. -adopts the principles of social justice, freedom (except when it infringes on someone else's rights), wealth redistribution, enjoining good forbidding evil. Few religions don't include some sort of basic moral code in their teachings. First, let’s look at the definition of universalizing religion. There is as great a need for singularity among nations as there is for individuality among individuals. 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